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python

Thu, 23 Apr 2020 22:45:05 UTC

General purpose programming language

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BioTuring

Only CPU
Slingshot: cell lineage and pseudotime inference for single-cell transcriptomics

Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) data have allowed us to investigate cellular heterogeneity and the kinetics of a biological process. Some studies need to understand how cells change state, and corresponding genes during the process, but it is challenging to track the cell development in scRNA-seq protocols. Therefore, a variety of statistical and computational methods have been proposed for lineage inference (or pseudotemporal ordering) to reconstruct the states of cells according to the developmental process from the measured snapshot data. Specifically, lineage refers to an ordered transition of cellular states, where individual cells represent points along. pseudotime is a one-dimensional variable representing each cell’s transcriptional progression toward the terminal state. Slingshot which is one of the methods suggested for lineage reconstruction and pseudotime inference from single-cell gene expression data. In this notebook, we will illustrate an example workflow for cell lineage and pseudotime inference using Slingshot. The notebook is inspired by Slingshot's vignette and modified to demonstrate how the tool works on BioTuring's platform.

Basal respiratory cells

Mucus glandular cells

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BioTuring

Only CPU
Spatial charting of single-cell transcriptomes in tissues - celltrek

Single-cell RNA sequencing methods can profile the transcriptomes of single cells but cannot preserve spatial information. Conversely, spatial transcriptomics assays can profile spatial regions in tissue sections but do not have single-cell resolution. Here, Runmin Wei (Siyuan He, Shanshan Bai, Emi Sei, Min Hu, Alastair Thompson, Ken Chen, Savitri Krishnamurthy & Nicholas E. Navin) developed a computational method called CellTrek that combines these two datasets to achieve single-cell spatial mapping through coembedding and metric learning approaches. They benchmarked CellTrek using simulation and in situ hybridization datasets, which demonstrated its accuracy and robustness. They then applied CellTrek to existing mouse brain and kidney datasets and showed that CellTrek can detect topological patterns of different cell types and cell states. They performed single-cell RNA sequencing and spatial transcriptomics experiments on two ductal carcinoma in situ tissues and applied CellTrek to identify tumor subclones that were restricted to different ducts, and specific T-cell states adjacent to the tumor areas.

T-cells

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BioTuring

Required GPU
SPOTlight: seeded NMF regression to deconvolute spatial transcriptomics spots with single-cell transcriptomes

Spatially resolved gene expression profiles are key to understand tissue organization and function. However, spatial transcriptomics (ST) profiling techniques lack single-cell resolution and require a combination with single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) information to deconvolute the spatially indexed datasets. Leveraging the strengths of both data types, we developed SPOTlight, a computational tool that enables the integration of ST with scRNA-seq data to infer the location of cell types and states within a complex tissue. SPOTlight is centered around a seeded non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) regression, initialized using cell-type marker genes and non-negative least squares (NNLS) to subsequently deconvolute ST capture locations (spots). Simulating varying reference quantities and qualities, we confirmed high prediction accuracy also with shallowly sequenced or small-sized scRNA-seq reference datasets. SPOTlight deconvolution of the mouse brain correctly mapped subtle neuronal cell states of the cortical layers and the defined architecture of the hippocampus. In human pancreatic cancer, we successfully segmented patient sections and further fine-mapped normal and neoplastic cell states. Trained on an external single-cell pancreatic tumor references, we further charted the localization of clinical-relevant and tumor-specific immune cell states, an illustrative example of its flexible application spectrum and future potential in digital pathology.

T-cells

Ionocytes

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