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python

Mon, 27 Mar 2023 23:58:42 UTC

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BioTuring

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CellPhoneDB: inferring cell–cell communication from combined expression of multi-subunit ligand–receptor complexes

Cell–cell communication mediated by ligand–receptor complexes is critical to coordinating diverse biological processes, such as development, differentiation and inflammation. To investigate how the context-dependent crosstalk of different cell types enables physiological processes to proceed, we developed CellPhoneDB, a novel repository of ligands, receptors and their interactions. In contrast to other repositories, our database takes into account the subunit architecture of both ligands and receptors, representing heteromeric complexes accurately. We integrated our resource with a statistical framework that predicts enriched cellular interactions between two cell types from single-cell transcriptomics data. Here, we outline the structure and content of our repository, provide procedures for inferring cell–cell communication networks from single-cell RNA sequencing data and present a practical step-by-step guide to help implement the protocol. CellPhoneDB v.2.0 is an updated version of our resource that incorporates additional functionalities to enable users to introduce new interacting molecules and reduces the time and resources needed to interrogate large datasets. CellPhoneDB v.2.0 is publicly available, both as code and as a user-friendly web interface; it can be used by both experts and researchers with little experience in computational genomics. In our protocol, we demonstrate how to evaluate meaningful biological interactions with CellPhoneDB v.2.0 using published datasets. This protocol typically takes ~2 h to complete, from installation to statistical analysis and visualization, for a dataset of ~10 GB, 10,000 cells and 19 cell types, and using five threads.

Astrocytes

Bipolar cells

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BioTuring

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Spatially informed cell-type deconvolution for spatial transcriptomics - CARD

Many spatially resolved transcriptomic technologies do not have single-cell resolution but measure the average gene expression for each spot from a mixture of cells of potentially heterogeneous cell types. Here, we introduce a deconvolution method, conditional autoregressive-based deconvolution (CARD), that combines cell-type-specific expression information from single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) with correlation in cell-type composition across tissue locations. Modeling spatial correlation allows us to borrow the cell-type composition information across locations, improving accuracy of deconvolution even with a mismatched scRNA-seq reference. **CARD** can also impute cell-type compositions and gene expression levels at unmeasured tissue locations to enable the construction of a refined spatial tissue map with a resolution arbitrarily higher than that measured in the original study and can perform deconvolution without an scRNA-seq reference. Applications to four datasets, including a pancreatic cancer dataset, identified multiple cell types and molecular markers with distinct spatial localization that define the progression, heterogeneity and compartmentalization of pancreatic cancer.

heterogeneous cells

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BioTuring

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CellRank2: Unified fate mapping in multiview single-cell data

CellRank2 (Weiler et al, 2023) is a powerful framework for studying cellular fate using single-cell RNA sequencing data. It can handle millions of cells and different data types efficiently. This tool can identify cell fate and probabilities across various data sets. It also allows for analyzing transitions over time and uncovering key genes in developmental processes. Additionally, CellRank2 estimates cell-specific transcription and degradation rates, aiding in understanding differentiation trajectories and regulatory mechanisms. In this notebook, we will use a primary tumor sample of patient T71 from the dataset GSE137804 (Dong R. et al, 2020) as an example. We have performed RNA-velocity analysis and pseudotime calculation on this dataset in scVelo (Bergen et al, 2020) notebook. The output will be then loaded into this CellRank2 notebook for further analysis. This notebook is based on the tutorial provided on CellRank2 documentation. We have modified the notebook and changed the input data to show how the tool works on BioTuring's platform.

Ionocytes

Intestinal goblet cells

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