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python-snap

Fri, 20 Jul 2018 03:00:40 UTC

Snap.py is a Python interface for SNAP.

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Reference-free cell type deconvolution of multi-cellular pixel-resolution spatially resolved transcriptomics data - stdeconvolve

Recent technological advancements have enabled spatially resolved transcriptomic profiling but at multi-cellular pixel resolution, thereby hindering the identification of cell-type-specific spatial patterns and gene expression variation. To address this challenge, we develop STdeconvolve as a reference-free approach to deconvolve underlying cell types comprising such multi-cellular pixel resolution spatial transcriptomics (ST) datasets. Using simulated as well as real ST datasets from diverse spatial transcriptomics technologies comprising a variety of spatial resolutions such as Spatial Transcriptomics, 10X Visium, DBiT-seq, and Slide-seq, we show that STdeconvolve can effectively recover cell-type transcriptional profiles and their proportional representation within pixels without reliance on external single-cell transcriptomics references. **STdeconvolve** provides comparable performance to existing reference-based methods when suitable single-cell references are available, as well as potentially superior performance when suitable single-cell references are not available. STdeconvolve is available as an open-source R software package with the source code available at https://github.com/JEFworks-Lab/STdeconvolve .

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Identifying tumor cells at the single-cell level using machine learning - inferCNV

Tumors are complex tissues of cancerous cells surrounded by a heterogeneous cellular microenvironment with which they interact. Single-cell sequencing enables molecular characterization of single cells within the tumor. However, cell annotation—the assignment of cell type or cell state to each sequenced cell—is a challenge, especially identifying tumor cells within single-cell or spatial sequencing experiments. Here, we propose ikarus, a machine learning pipeline aimed at distinguishing tumor cells from normal cells at the single-cell level. We test ikarus on multiple single-cell datasets, showing that it achieves high sensitivity and specificity in multiple experimental contexts. **InferCNV** is a Bayesian method, which agglomerates the expression signal of genomically adjointed genes to ascertain whether there is a gain or loss of a certain larger genomic segment. We have used **inferCNV** to call copy number variations in all samples used in the manuscript.

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BioTuring

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CellRank2: Unified fate mapping in multiview single-cell data

CellRank2 (Weiler et al, 2023) is a powerful framework for studying cellular fate using single-cell RNA sequencing data. It can handle millions of cells and different data types efficiently. This tool can identify cell fate and probabilities across various data sets. It also allows for analyzing transitions over time and uncovering key genes in developmental processes. Additionally, CellRank2 estimates cell-specific transcription and degradation rates, aiding in understanding differentiation trajectories and regulatory mechanisms. In this notebook, we will use a primary tumor sample of patient T71 from the dataset GSE137804 (Dong R. et al, 2020) as an example. We have performed RNA-velocity analysis and pseudotime calculation on this dataset in scVelo (Bergen et al, 2020) notebook. The output will be then loaded into this CellRank2 notebook for further analysis. This notebook is based on the tutorial provided on CellRank2 documentation. We have modified the notebook and changed the input data to show how the tool works on BioTuring's platform.

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