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E-spatial

Single-cell spatial explorer

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infercnvpy: Scanpy plugin to infer copy number variation from single-cell transcriptomics data
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BioTuring

InferCNV is used to explore tumor single cell RNA-Seq data to identify evidence for somatic large-scale chromosomal copy number alterations, such as gains or deletions of entire chromosomes or large segments of chromosomes. This is done by exploring expression intensity of genes across positions of tumor genome in comparison to a set of reference 'normal' cells. A heatmap is generated illustrating the relative expression intensities across each chromosome, and it often becomes readily apparent as to which regions of the tumor genome are over-abundant or less-abundant as compared to that of normal cells. **Infercnvpy** is a scalable python library to infer copy number variation (CNV) events from single cell transcriptomics data. It is heavliy inspired by InferCNV, but plays nicely with scanpy and is much more scalable.
Deep learning and alignment of spatially resolved single-cell transcriptomes with Tangram
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BioTuring

Charting an organs’ biological atlas requires us to spatially resolve the entire single-cell transcriptome, and to relate such cellular features to the anatomical scale. Single-cell and single-nucleus RNA-seq (sc/snRNA-seq) can profile cells comprehensively, but lose spatial information. Spatial transcriptomics allows for spatial measurements, but at lower resolution and with limited sensitivity. Targeted in situ technologies solve both issues, but are limited in gene throughput. To overcome these limitations we present Tangram, a method that aligns sc/snRNA-seq data to various forms of spatial data collected from the same region, including MERFISH, STARmap, smFISH, Spatial Transcriptomics (Visium) and histological images. **Tangram** can map any type of sc/snRNA-seq data, including multimodal data such as those from SHARE-seq, which we used to reveal spatial patterns of chromatin accessibility. We demonstrate Tangram on healthy mouse brain tissue, by reconstructing a genome-wide anatomically integrated spatial map at single-cell resolution of the visual and somatomotor areas.
Required GPU
Tangram
PopV: the variety of cell-type transfer tools for classify cell-types
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BioTuring

PopV uses popular vote of a variety of cell-type transfer tools to classify cell-types in a query dataset based on a test dataset. Using this variety of algorithms, they compute the agreement between those algorithms and use this agreement to predict which cell-types have a high likelihood of the same cell-types observed in the reference.
Required GPU
CopyKAT: Delineating copy number and clonal substructure in human tumors from single-cell transcriptomes
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BioTuring

Classification of tumor and normal cells in the tumor microenvironment from scRNA-seq data is an ongoing challenge in human cancer study. Copy number karyotyping of aneuploid tumors (***copyKAT***) (Gao, Ruli, et al., 2021) is a method proposed for identifying copy number variations in single-cell transcriptomics data. It is used to predict aneuploid tumor cells and delineate the clonal substructure of different subpopulations that coexist within the tumor mass. In this notebook, we will illustrate a basic workflow of CopyKAT based on the tutorial provided on CopyKAT's repository. We will use a dataset of triple negative cancer tumors sequenced by 10X Chromium 3'-scRNAseq (GSM4476486) as an example. The dataset contains 20,990 features across 1,097 cells. We have modified the notebook to demonstrate how the tool works on BioTuring's platform.

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BioTuring data converter: Seurat to Scanpy for spatial transcriptomics (Visium)

BioTuring

This notebook illustrates how to convert data from a Seurat V4 object to annotation data using the BioStudio data transformation library (currently under development). It facilitates continued research using libraries that interact with Scanpy in Python. Currently, this version of the BioStudio library only supports converting a Seurat V4 object with a single assay.
scGPT: Towards Building a Foundational Model for Single-Cell Multi-omics Using Generative AI

BioTuring

Generative pre-trained models have demonstrated exceptional success in various fields, including natural language processing and computer vision. In line with this progress, scGPT has been developed as a foundational model tailored specifically for the field of single-cell biology. It employs the generative pre-training transformer framework on an extensive dataset comprising more than 33 million cells. scGPT effectively extracts valuable biological insights related to genes and cells and can be fine-tuned to excel in numerous downstream applications.
Required GPU
scgpt
Seurat
spacexr: Robust Cell Type Decomposition and Cell type-Specific Inference of Differential Expression

BioTuring

Recent spatial transcriptomics (ST) technologies have allowed us to capture cellular heterogeneity while retaining spatial information. However, ST datasets may lose single-cell resolution, limiting the discovery of cell-type-specific spatial patterns of localization and expression. spacexr (Spatial-eXpression-R) is an R package providing two methods, i.e., Robust Cell Type Decomposition (RCTD) (Cable, Dylan M., et al., 2022) and Cell type-Specific Inference of Differential Expression (C-SIDE) (Cable, Dylan M., et al., 2022) for ST data. RCTD is proposed for cell type deconvolution, while leveraging references from another annotated single-cell RNA-seq data. C-SIDE identifies cell type-specific differential expression, accounting for localization of other cell types. We will illustrate an example workflow in two notebooks, RCTD and C-SIDE, on a hippocampus Visium dataset provided by the authors. The notebooks are inspired from spacexr's vignettes and modified to demonstrate how the tool works on BioTuring's platform.
Only CPU
spacexr
A workflow to analyze cell-cell communications on Visium data

BioTuring

Single-cell RNA data allows cell-cell communications (***CCC***) methods to infer CCC at either the individual cell or cell cluster/cell type level, but physical distances between cells are not preserved Almet, Axel A., et al., (2021). On the other hand, spatial data provides spatial distances between cells, but single-cell or gene resolution is potentially lost. Therefore, integrating two types of data in a proper manner can complement their strengths and limitations, from that improve CCC analysis. In this pipeline, we analyze CCC on Visium data with single-cell data as a reference. The pipeline includes 4 sub-notebooks as following 01-deconvolution: This step involves deconvolution and cell type annotation for Visium data, with cell type information obtained from a relevant single-cell dataset. The deconvolution method is SpatialDWLS which is integrated in Giotto package. 02-giotto: performs spatial based CCC and expression based CCC on Visium data using Giotto method. 03-nichenet: performs spatial based CCC and expression based CCC on Visium data using NicheNet method. 04-visualization: visualizes CCC results obtained from Giotto and NicheNet.
Scanpy is a scalable toolkit for analyzing single-cell gene expression data built jointly with anndata.

BioTuring

SCANPY integrates the analysis possibilities of established R-based frameworks and provides them in a scalable and modular form. Specifically, SCANPY provides preprocessing comparable to SEURAT and CELL RANGER, visualization through TSNE, graph-drawing and diffusion maps, clustering similar to PHENOGRAPH, identification of marker genes for clusters via differential expression tests and pseudotemporal ordering via diffusion pseudotime, which compares favorably with MONOCLE 2, and WISHBONE.
Only CPU
Scanpy
Bioalpha-Biocolab: Enabling Large-Scale Data Uploads for BBrowserX single-cell analysis platform

BioTuring

Single-cell data analysis is revolutionizing biological research, but often these dataset sizes can be massive and pose challenges for submission process. Bioalpha-Biocolab addresses this issue by implementing advanced algorithms and leveraging efficient computational resources to overcome these challenges.
Required GPU
AlphaSC
BioStudio: From CellRanger to BBrowserX

BioTuring

Support run fastq from CellRanger and upload to BBrowserX
Only CPU
Monocle3 - An analysis toolkit for single-cell RNA-seq

BioTuring

Build single-cell trajectories with the software that introduced **pseudotime**. Find out about cell fate decisions and the genes regulated as they're made. Group and classify your cells based on gene expression. Identify new cell types and states and the genes that distinguish them. Find genes that vary between cell types and states, over trajectories, or in response to perturbations using statistically robust, flexible differential analysis. In development, disease, and throughout life, cells transition from one state to another. Monocle introduced the concept of **pseudotime**, which is a measure of how far a cell has moved through biological progress. Many researchers are using single-cell RNA-Seq to discover new cell types. Monocle 3 can help you purify them or characterize them further by identifying key marker genes that you can use in follow-up experiments such as immunofluorescence or flow sorting. **Single-cell trajectory analysis** shows how cells choose between one of several possible end states. The new reconstruction algorithms introduced in Monocle 3 can robustly reveal branching trajectories, along with the genes that cells use to navigate these decisions.
DWLS: Gene Expression Deconvolution Using Dampened Weighted Least Squares

BioTuring

Dampened weighted least squares (DWLS) is an estimation method for gene expression deconvolution, in which the cell-type composition of a bulk RNA-seq data set is computationally inferred. This method corrects common biases towards cell types that are characterized by highly expressed genes and/or are highly prevalent, to provide accurate detection across diverse cell types. To begin, the user must input a bulk RNA-seq data set, along with a labeled representative single-cell RNA-seq data set that will serve to generate cell-type-specific gene expression profiles. Ideally, the single-cell data set will contain cells from all cell types that may be found in the bulk data. DWLS will return the cell-type composition of the bulk data.
Only CPU
DWLS
Bioturing Massive-scale Analysis Solution for CellChat: Running analysis for massive-scale data from Seurat dataset

BioTuring

This tool provides a user-friendly and automated way to analyze large-scale single-cell RNA-seq datasets stored in RDS (Seurat) format. It allows users to run various analysis tools on their data in one command, streamlining the analysis workflow and saving time. Note that this notebook is only for the demonstration of the tool. Users can run the tool directly through the command line. Currently, we support: - CellChat - Inference and analysis of cell-cell communication using CellChat
Only CPU
CellChat
Inference and analysis of cell-cell communication using CellChat

BioTuring

Understanding global communications among cells requires accurate representation of cell-cell signaling links and effective systems-level analyses of those links. We construct a database of interactions among ligands, receptors and their cofactors that accurately represent known heteromeric molecular complexes. We then develop **CellChat**, a tool that is able to quantitatively infer and analyze intercellular communication networks from single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) data. CellChat predicts major signaling inputs and outputs for cells and how those cells and signals coordinate for functions using network analysis and pattern recognition approaches. Through manifold learning and quantitative contrasts, CellChat classifies signaling pathways and delineates conserved and context-specific pathways across different datasets. Applying **CellChat** to mouse and human skin datasets shows its ability to extract complex signaling patterns.
Required GPU
CellChat
expiMap: Biologically informed deep learning to query gene programs in single-cell atlases

BioTuring

The development of large-scale single-cell atlases has allowed describing cell states in a more detailed manner. Meanwhile, current deep leanring methods enable rapid analysis of newly generated query datasets by mapping them into reference atlases. expiMap (‘explainable programmable mapper’) Lotfollahi, Mohammad, et al. is one of the methods proposed for single-cell reference mapping. Furthermore, it incorporates prior knowledge from gene sets databases or users to analyze query data in the context of known gene programs (GPs).
Required GPU
expiMap
CellPhoneDB: inferring cell–cell communication from combined expression of multi-subunit ligand–receptor complexes

BioTuring

Cell–cell communication mediated by ligand–receptor complexes is critical to coordinating diverse biological processes, such as development, differentiation and inflammation. To investigate how the context-dependent crosstalk of different cell types enables physiological processes to proceed, we developed CellPhoneDB, a novel repository of ligands, receptors and their interactions. In contrast to other repositories, our database takes into account the subunit architecture of both ligands and receptors, representing heteromeric complexes accurately. We integrated our resource with a statistical framework that predicts enriched cellular interactions between two cell types from single-cell transcriptomics data. Here, we outline the structure and content of our repository, provide procedures for inferring cell–cell communication networks from single-cell RNA sequencing data and present a practical step-by-step guide to help implement the protocol. CellPhoneDB v.2.0 is an updated version of our resource that incorporates additional functionalities to enable users to introduce new interacting molecules and reduces the time and resources needed to interrogate large datasets. CellPhoneDB v.2.0 is publicly available, both as code and as a user-friendly web interface; it can be used by both experts and researchers with little experience in computational genomics. In our protocol, we demonstrate how to evaluate meaningful biological interactions with CellPhoneDB v.2.0 using published datasets. This protocol typically takes ~2 h to complete, from installation to statistical analysis and visualization, for a dataset of ~10 GB, 10,000 cells and 19 cell types, and using five threads.
Identifying tumor cells at the single-cell level using machine learning - inferCNV

BioTuring

Tumors are complex tissues of cancerous cells surrounded by a heterogeneous cellular microenvironment with which they interact. Single-cell sequencing enables molecular characterization of single cells within the tumor. However, cell annotation—the assignment of cell type or cell state to each sequenced cell—is a challenge, especially identifying tumor cells within single-cell or spatial sequencing experiments. Here, we propose ikarus, a machine learning pipeline aimed at distinguishing tumor cells from normal cells at the single-cell level. We test ikarus on multiple single-cell datasets, showing that it achieves high sensitivity and specificity in multiple experimental contexts. **InferCNV** is a Bayesian method, which agglomerates the expression signal of genomically adjointed genes to ascertain whether there is a gain or loss of a certain larger genomic segment. We have used **inferCNV** to call copy number variations in all samples used in the manuscript.
Only CPU
inferCNV
pySCENIC: Single-Cell rEgulatory Network Inference and Clustering

BioTuring

SCENIC Suite is a set of tools to study and decipher gene regulation. Its core is based on SCENIC (Single-Cell Regulatory Network Inference and Clustering) which enables you to infer transcription factors, gene regulatory networks and cell types from single-cell RNA-seq data. pySCENIC is a lightning-fast python implementation of the SCENIC pipeline (Single-Cell Regulatory Network Inference and Clustering) which enables biologists to infer transcription factors, gene regulatory networks and cell types from single-cell RNA-seq data.
Only CPU
pySCENIC
Notebooks
Required GPU
scgpt
Seurat
Only CPU
spacexr
Only CPU
Scanpy
Required GPU
AlphaSC
Only CPU
Only CPU
DWLS
Only CPU
CellChat
Required GPU
CellChat
Required GPU
expiMap
Only CPU
inferCNV
Only CPU
pySCENIC